The history of the world has always been surrounded by violence cycles, regardless of race, region, or time. One of the darkest recesses of humankind has been the Rwandan Genocide. It has been one of the worst types of violence that resulted in some horrific environmental and socio-economic impacts.

Rwanda experienced one of the most turbulent incidents of its history in the last decade of the 20th century. The country was ravaged by environmental destruction, the return of refugees, diseases, economic crises, mass migrations, genocide, and civil war.

The families in Rwanda got influenced by some of the biggest causes led by the event, such as imprisonment, loss of dignity, poverty, disability, disease, and death. The genocide was also a consequence of environmental causes. Huge population displacements were caused by environmental degradation that further resulted in the country’s economic losses. Further, serious efforts were made by the government for resettling individuals by making land opportunities more available. However, this resulted in the destruction of natural resources and biodiversity.

Woodlands and forests came under strain as evidence by the decline in the area of the Akagera and Nyungwe National Forests after the genocide. Moreover, as a consequence of the hatred amongst the Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups, the genocide was also resulted due to some historical and political causes. However, only few attempts were made regarding the assessment of the voices of leaders and people about the environmental influences of the genocide in their daily lives.