In Ireland, Cork University researchers have found an innovative method to recreate prehistoric vertebrate species with the help of copying melanin that traces the inner organs and connective tissue of the sample.

What is Melanin?

Melanomas are structures that perform various functions within cells known as organelles, where melanin is sequenced, processed and transferred. Furthermore, Melanin is a substance that stains the fur, feathers, eyes, and animal irises.

Based on the Ananya Mandal, an amino acid known as tyrosine helps to reconstructs proteins that are included in the melanin cells. Melanosomes are transferred from melanocytes to individual cells that provide the pigment of our bodies, ears, and hairs.

According to a study issued by researchers in the UCC’s Proceedings in the National Academy of Sciences discovers “internal melanosomes are widespread in diverse fossil and modern vertebrates and have tissue-specific geometries and metal chemistries.”

The research unveiled that there is a huge quantity of melanin throughout the inner organs of species for example reptiles, mammals, birds, and “their fossil counterparts,” that has aided examiners to recreate tissues and organs in fossilized samples in a manner which has not been previously achieved.

McNamara and Rossi’s group researched 10 million-year-old tadpole and frog fossils. Also, marine reptile and bat fossils which are 50 million years old was used to trace component chemistry.