The tension between Pakistan and India is fueling as New Delhi has stripped India-administered Kashmir of special constitutional status.
On 5 August 2019, the presidential decree withdrew Article 370 of India’s
constitution that allowed special rights to the Muslim majority state which consists of its own constitution, freedom law, and separate flag. However, the central government had control of the defense, communication, and foreign affairs. Which meant, Jammu and Kashmir held the right to make their own rules regarding property ownership, residency, rights to stop outsiders to buy land in Kashmir, and fundamental rights.
For a long time the Hindu nationalists Bharatiya Janta Party and the Hindu nationalists Bharatiya Janta Party were against Article 370, and it was their election proposal to revoke the article. Kashmir is in complete lockdown, the Indian government has put senior leaders under house arrest, cut off internet and phone service access.
Many Kashmiris believe that the Hindu nationalist’s party aims to let non-Kashmiris buy land in Kashmir in order to change the Muslim demographic.
Kashmir will now have to follow the Indian constitution, which means people from outside Kashmir will be allowed to purchase property there. According to the Indian government, this will help Kashmir develop.
Furthermore, the Indian government is also breaking the state into 2 smaller territories which will be federally administered. One region combine Kashmir (Muslim Majority) and Jammu
(Hindu Majority). The other region is Ladakh (Buddhist Majority) which is located close to Tibet.
A senior leader of the Congress Party, P Chidambaram state that the decision is a “catastrophic step”. Further on adding “You may think you have scored a victory, but you are wrong and history will prove you to be wrong. Future generations will realize what a grave mistake this house is making today,”