The world is a complicated place, and continuously we discover new species.
According to the World Resources Institute “Scientists were startled in 1980 by the discovery of a tremendous diversity of insects in tropical forests. In one study of just 19 trees in Panama, 80% of the 1,200 beetle species discovered were previously unknown to science… Surprisingly, scientists have a better understanding of how many stars there are in the galaxy than how many species there are on Earth.”
And, when we are not aware of how much we are going to start with, we do not know how many species we are going to lose. But there is a lot of data that indicates that the news is not good for us. Such as:-
- In this Planet, there are 100,000,000 different kinds of species.
- Per annum, the rate of extinction is 0.01%
- Annually the number of species extinct is about 10,000
We are losing species so rapidly that an estimate by experts of species loss is between 1,000 and 10,000 times greater as compared to the natural rate. According to experts calculation, every year between 0.01 and 0.1% species will extinct. On the other hand, if the species are 2 then 200 and 2,000 species extinct annually. However, if there are 100 million kinds of species then between the extinction would be 10,000 and 100,000 yearly.
The present extinction threat is because of us “humans” to be entirely blamed. In the geological history, this is alluded to as the sixth extinction predicament, preceding the five documented extinction cycles.